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According to the genetic, It can be divided into autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease ( autosomal dominant polycystic kidney diseases, ADPKD) and common dyeing recessive polycystic kidney disease (autosomal recessive polycystic kidney diseases, ARPKD).
There are some methods
Pay attention to rest, avoid smoking, drinking tea, coffee and ethanol drinking, avoid is chocolate, high blood pressure patients should have low salt diet, late stage disease recommend low protein diet. Most of the patients don't need to change your lifestyle or limitation of physical activity in earlier-stage. When the cyst is larger, should avoid strenuous physical activity and abdominal wounded. Patients should be followed up a regular basis.
Control the complications
1, Pain, for the pain ,patients should watch first. If the pain continues or heavier to painkillers, but generally have poor analgesic effect. If the pain is severe, and painkillers can't ease and affect patients life, then can be considered surgical treatment.
2, Bleeding have three kind of situations: one is capsule hemorrhage, the patients with acute pain, but no visible naked eye hematuria. Two, bleeding and urinary cyst are linked, bleeding will broken into the urinary tract, and eduction body outside, appear to the naked eye hematuria; Three, renal subcapsular hemorrhage, quantity, gross hematuria, blood pressure is decreased.
The surgical treatment
If the conservative treatment is invalid ,then can increase adopts the surgery to remove a cyst, the scheme should be chosen according to different patients symptoms, lesion degree and the number or position of the cyst, kidney function and other complications. Reports, surgery can stimulate cyst growth, and promote the progress in renal insufficiency, so should be strictly grasp the indications. Some methods such as cyst puncture pumping fluid technique, laparoscopic cyst unroofing decompression, on top of decompression, high selective endovascular embolization.
Most polycystic kidney patients have a family history of clinically,and male more than female, having the symptoms differently, this is because the polycystic kidney belongs to genetic disease
(1) Urine routine, on the earlier-stage without exception, some patients in the middle-late appear albuminuria. There are white blood cells and pus cells with calculi and infection.
Most of the patients don’t need to change lifestyle and restrict activities, but on the diet, should pay attention to control, such as low salt, low fat diet, reduce the consumption of animal offal, high-protein food (beans),and alcoholic beverages, etc.